Endangered Species and Their Reasons for Extinction


Endangered species – This category includes species that become extinct due to changes in habitat, predation, hunting, or other causes. Naturally jeopardized species are those that happen toward the finish of the subspecies in the environment. Ecologically, endangered species are considered extinct when the last representative of the subspecies dies.

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Species termination is totally a characteristic cycle, yet they happen on a proper time scale. It requires millennia for an animal varieties to become terminated normally. Right now, imperiled species are confronting new circumstances in which different ecological changes lead to different circumstances for endurance. If organisms cannot survive in this environment, they will gradually become extinct.

Also Read – https://rosejinbud.com/2023/10/25/diverse-forms-of-mimicry-in-the-animal-kingdom/

Throughout the history of life on earth, species have appeared, evolved, new species have emerged, and disappeared. This turnover of life is part of the natural process of life, and it always continues. Extinction is an inevitable, expected part. Yet today we face extreme extinction. Extinction is a natural part of evolution, and it occurs for many reasons.

Why does extinction occur?

Endangered Species

Extinction occurs for a variety of reasons

. Habitat loss through development, natural disasters, and climate change.

. Competition from other species or loss of food resources

. Excessive hunting

. Individual incompatibility in changing circumstances, limit changes, etc.

1. Indian Rhinoceros

The Indian Rhinoceros is a genus of rhinoceroses. Their scientific name is Rhinoceros Unicornis. They are found in India, Bhutan and Pakistan. Rhinos are protected in Kaziranga National Park in Assam, India and Suhanta National Park in Pakistan. Two-thirds of India’s rhinos live in Assam. The Indian Rhinoceros is the state creature of Assam. They are exceptional in having single horns. They gauge up to 3000 kg and can grow up to 7 feet in level. They have good eyesight, hearing and sense of smell and have very little body hair. They develop horns one year after birth. Male and female have horns. They swim well and can travel ashore at speeds of up to 40 kilometers per hour. Vegetarians love grass, fruits, leaves and aquatic plants.

Reasons for extinction –Extinction started when people started to utilize their horns to make specific prescriptions and to hold knifes.

2. Malabar Large-spotted Civet

The Malabar Large-spotted Civet is a carnivore. They are gray with white spots and long stripes on the back. As early as the 1960s, the scientific community had noticed a decline in the number of Malabar Civet. In 1978, the IUCN declared the species extinct. However, in 1987, the Malabar Civet was rediscovered by the Zoological Survey of India. Although the presence of Malabar Civet was frequently found in the 1980s and 90s, scientists have concluded that they became extinct as there was no information about these species for years to come.

Reasons for extinction –   Humans were their main enemies.  They were additionally gotten by other wild creatures like tigers, panthers and foxes. Declining habitable forest land also poses a threat to these animals. 

3.Bubalus Arnee

Bubalus arnee is a species of wild buffalo. Common in Central India and Assam. As a group, they quickly become aggressive. They are distinguished by their curved horns and longer body hair. They are now found in eastern India and southern Nepal. Bablus Ame is the state animal of Chhattisgarh. It has larger horns than any other animal in the world. Wild boars have white legs that look like smoke. It is also a sign of recognizing them. They are a major headache for the people of Assam. The endangered and endemic wild species of Central India are believed to be more pure species. They are considered as endangered species.

Reasons for extinction – The decline in the population is due to the loss of its habitat as well as climatic change. 

4. Swamp Deer 

Endangered Species

Swamp deer is also known as barasingha deer. It is a types of deer tracked down just in India. Rucervus Duvacelli is the logical name of this creature. These are somewhat bigger than the spotted deer. It is the authority creature of the territories of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Males have horns. They are yellowish-brown in colour and have white colour on the abdomen. Their body is hairy. They forage during the day. They rarely live alone in groups. There are less than 3,000 deer left in all areas.

Reasons for extinction – It is a jeopardized species as the quantity of guys is a lot more modest than that of females.

5. Snow Leopard

Endangered Species

The Snow Leopard is a marsupial found in Central and South Asia. It is the 7th largest cat. As the name suggests, snow leopards live in snowy areas. They are found in the Himalayas and in India from Ladakh to Arunachal Pradesh. Their body shape is such that they can survive in the snow. The thick fur is covered in such a way that it can survive in severe snow. They are characterized by a long tail and a large nose. The large nozzle helps to absorb a lot of air during severe winters. Snow leopards are first-class hunters. Wild boars and yaks are their main food. Their sharp teeth and claws make them powerful hunters in the snow. Known scientifically as Panthera Uncia, they are now found in less than 2,500 habitats.

Reasons for extinction – Their number is declining for the most part a result of poaching. Poachers unlawfully kill snow pumas, in spite of the way that they are imperiled, and sell the animals for cash.

6. Red Panda

The red panda is a mammal found in large numbers in the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China. In India, they are found mainly in Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and West Bengal. They are only slightly larger than a domestic cat and spend most of their time in the trees. Their bodies are covered with copper hairs. They are characterized by hairy long loose tails. Their main food is bamboo. The red panda is the official animal of the state of Sikkim. They live at altitudes of 7,200 to 15,700 feet above sea level. They like ambient temperatures between 10 C and 25 C. Red pandas are on the list of endangered animals.

Reasons for extinction – Territory misfortune is the principle danger to the red panda’s endurance. Furthermore, the red panda has confronted risks from hunting and poaching.

7. Hangul

Hangul is a species of deer found only in Kashmir. So they are also known as Kashmiri Deer. They do not tolerate extreme heat and move close to the iceberg. Their skin is brown. The branches are spreading and growing. The female has no horns. They travel in groups and rarely travel alone. They forage in grasslands or on slopes. They weigh 160 – 180 kg. It is about three and a half feet high and about three feet long. These deer are on the verge of extinction.

Reasons for extinction – The real reason behind the decrease in its populace is supposed to be territory obliteration, over-touching by homegrown animals and poaching.

8. Wildcat

Wildcats, also known as caricatures, are excellent hunters. They are common in Africa, Central Asia and India. The ears of these wildcats are very special and sharp. They also have excellent hearing. Their ears act like antennae. They can detect even the slightest sound. These wildcats are excellent hunters and can jump up to 12 feet above ground level to catch birds and other creatures. Their main food is small mammals, reptiles and birds. They are characterized by a short face, sharp ears, a slender body and long legs. Adult carnivores weigh 8 to 18 kg. Their lifespan is up to 16 years. They are one of the most endangered animal species in India.

Reasons for extinction – These species went extinct because of habitat loss, hybridization with domestic cats, shooting and trapping (regardless of legitimate insurance).

9. Nilgiri Tahr

The Nilgiri Tahr is an endemic species found only in the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve. They have very short dark yellow or brown hair. The bristles are short and thorny. Males can grow up to 100-110 cm in level and females up to 60-80 cm in level and can gauge up to 100 kg. Both males and females have bended horns on their backs. The horns of ewes are relatively short. The sanctuaries of the Nilgiri Tahrs are hilly areas covered with grasslands. They have a special fondness for rocky areas.  During the latter part of the nineteenth century, they became extinct.

Reasons for extinction – They became extinct due to uncontrolled hunting and killing. Summer fierce blazes and the flood of local creatures into the woodland looking for grain have decreased these species’ environment.

10. Cloud Tigers

Cloud tigers are a small species of tigers found in the northeastern part of India. They are saffron-colored and have large elliptical marks on their body. These signs look like clouds. That is why they got the name cloud tigers. Cloud tigers, which like to live alone, are not the size of typical tigers. However, these are very dangerous. Cloud tigers spend most of their life in trees. It can be said that they land only for prey. Their teeth are such that they can bite the prey. They have excellent eyesight and hearing. They prey at night. Their main food is small animals and birds. Their scientific name is Neofelis Nebulosa. Today, less than 10, 000 rare species of cloud tigers live. They are on the endangered species list. 

Reasons for extinction -. They are still widely chased after their teeth and ornamental pelt, and for bones for the customary Asian therapeutic market.

It is significant to make sure to deal with the creatures we have today and their current circumstance. We people are the fundamental driver of annihilation. As a result of us, they lose their home since we really want to make paper, or they kick the bucket since we want food. Poachers likewise kill jeopardized creatures or offer them to individuals who have cash and will spend it on an uncommon or imperiled creature.

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